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C23. The Impact of Social Determinants on Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use in Adolescence: A Review of the Literature

About The Event

Learner category:


― Novice Level


Learning objectives:


― Participants will be able to describe two socioeconomic
risk factors related to opioid use in adolescents
― Participants will be able to describe two behavioral risk
factors related to opioid use in adolescents

Abstract

Nonmedical use of prescription drugs is among the fastest growing
health problems in the United States (US Department of Health
and Human Services, 2019). In 2016, 4.4% of the population reported
misuse of opioids in the previous year (Substance Abuse and Mental
Health Services Administration, 2017). The adolescent population
accounted for 3.6% of the reported misuse. Nonmedical use of
prescription drugs is use of a drug with or without a prescription
in a manner other than how prescribed or use of a prescription
medication at a higher dose or a greater frequency than instructed by
the prescriber for the feeling or experience caused by the medication
(Li, et al., 2018; Guo et al., 2015; Martins et al., 2015, Tucker et al. 2015,
Wang et al., 2015). Osborne et al. (2017) further defined nonmedical
prescription drug use as use longer than the period prescribed or use
of someone else’s prescription. Databases were searched for peerreviewed                                                                                                                                                        research published between 2015 and 2019 with a specific
focus on the nonmedical use of prescription opioids in adolescents.
Age, income, residential and geographic location, familial support,
education, and psychosocial and behavioral variables were associated
with nonmedical use of prescription drugs in adolescents. The
purpose of this review is to summarize research on nonmedical use of
prescription opioids among adolescents in the United States with a
specific focus on sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors.

Authors

Katilya Ware
PhD, RN, Auburn University School of Nursing

Dr. Katilya Ware is an Assistant Professor at Auburn University in
Auburn, Alabama. She graduated with her PhD in Instructional
Leadership with a concentration in Instructional Technology from
the University of Alabama in 2016. She has 15 years of experience
in nursing. She began her career in healthcare in the emergency
department setting as a multi-care technician and then transitioned
into the role of a Registered Nurse after completing her education.
She is a member of the Rural Nurse Organization, American Nurses
Association, the Alabama State Nurses Association, Delta Epsilon
Iota Academic Honor Society, Sigma Honor Society of Nursing, and
the National League for Nursing. Her research interests include the
impact of social determinants on nurse advanced degree attainment,
the nursing workforce, and health.

Lynn Brown
DNP, RN-BC, CNE, Auburn University School of Nursing

Dr. Lynn Brown is an associate clinical professor at Auburn University
in Auburn, AL. She graduated with her DNP in administration with
an additional educator concentration from Samford University in
2015. She has over 30 years of nursing experience. Most recently she
worked at UAB Hospital from 2004 to 2015 on various surgical units,
and as the Clinical Care Coordinator for Vascular Surgery. Additionally,
Dr. Brown has worked at Humana Hospital in Huntsville, AL, the
University of Tennessee Medical Center in Knoxville, TN, and Crawford
Long Hospital of Emory University in Atlanta, GA. She is ANCC Board
Certified in Medical-Surgical Nursing and a Certified Nurse Educator.
She is a member of the American Nursing Association, the Alabama
State Nurses Association, and Sigma Theta Tau International Honor
Society. Her research interests include nurse retention, student
success, and the opioid addiction.

Our Speakers

Katilya Ware
Lynn Brown
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